The adoption of the Lima Call for Climate Action at COP20 represents a step forward on the road to Paris in 2015.
It was almost a stumble as ministers failed to reach consensus and negotiations went into 33 hours of overtime. At times the talks were poised for collapse, but COP President Minister Manuel Pulgar-Vidal kept Parties focused on an outcome and ran an impressively transparent process banishing 'the ghosts of Copenhagen' where backroom deals destroyed trust.
GLOBE Legislators participated in COP20 through the GLOBE COP20 Legislators Summit on 7 December 2014 and as part of numerous national delegations. They agreed to host national parliamentary hearings on nationally-determined contributions throughout 2015. National parliamentary efforts will converge in Paris on 5 December 2015, where GLOBE International will host a major summit of parliamentarians at France's National Assembly during COP21.
Speaking on the conclusion of the Lima COP20 talks, Graham Stuart MP, Chair of the International Board of GLOBE International, said:
The Presidency and the Government of Peru are to be congratulated for hosting a successful COP20 in Lima. They could not have done anything more to secure a positive outcome. However, the tortuous negotiations and the fragility of the consensus demonstrate that much work will need to be done in 2015 to lay the foundations for a fair and ambitious agreement in Paris in December 2015.
Among the most contentious aspects of the negotiations have been the need for transparency, clarity and long-term ambition in national commitments. Lawmakers are better placed than any others to guarantee this through their constitutional duties of budgetary oversight, scrutiny and development of legislation.
Over the coming year, GLOBE International chapters will hold hearings on governments' intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) to ensure these are in line with what the science dictates, and citizens expect, to avoid dangerous climate change.
This engagement, is intended to bring a more robust degree of domestic MRV (monitoring, reporting and verification), raise ambition, and build confidence for a successful outcome at COP21 in Paris commensurate to the challenge.
Reflecting on the outcome of the Lima talks and its implications for the year ahead, Malini Mehra, Chief Executive, GLOBE International, said:
With the bones of a compromise Lima agreement now in place, the devil will be in the detail. The Lima Call for Climate Action tasks negotiators with addressing: "... in a balanced manner, inter alia, mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building, and transparency of action and support."
The latter is particularly significant and it is clear that lawmakers have a critical role to play in holding governments to account. They must provide oversight of the process and GLOBE International will coordinate its membership of legislators around the world to ensure their full and informed engagement in national deliberations on the INDC process in 2015.
GLOBE - The Global Legislators Organization - is an international network comprising national parliamentarians from over 50 countries committed to developing and overseeing the implementation of laws in pursuit of sustainable development. It was founded in 1989 by legislators from the US Congress, European Parliament, Japanese Diet and the Russian State Duma with the mission to respond to urgent environmental challenges through the development and advancement of legislation. GLOBE is a non-party political organisation that supports legislators through national chapters to develop and advance laws on climate change and sustainable development.
For more information, please e-mail email@example.com