GLOBE Guatemala President moves Disaster Risk Reduction Bill informed by the Natural Capital Approach
GLOBE Guatemala President Congressman Luis Hernández Azmitia has tabled a bill seeking to align the national framework to the delivery of the 2015 Sendai Framework for DRR whilst building coherence with national environmental objectives from the natural capital perspective.
The bill mandates the creation of the Programa Nacional Para La Prevención de Riesgos de Desastres (PRONAR), integrated by public bodies and private organisations.
The preamble of the bill notes that ‘(…) due to the characteristics of the Guatemalan territory, derived from its geographical position and geological and geomorphological character, and aggravated in many cases by the lack of management the effective use and occupation of the territory and the loss of ecosystem services that this may cause, the country is susceptible to the periodic occurrence of natural phenomena that may occur in the country which become threats when they can affect the population and are potential and exposure of the population, and that can lead to loss of human lives as well as material, economic, and environmental damages, and cause development delay (…)’.
The Bill states that the principle of environmental sustainability shall be one of the general principles orientating risk management. It notes that disaster risk arises from processes of use and occupation the rational exploitation of natural resources and the development of a sustainable and sustainable economy. Therefore, environmental protection is an irreducible characteristics of sustainability must and contribute to disaster risk management. For this reason, ecosystem-based risk prevention and adaptation to climate change are recognized as approaches that provide essential multiple benefits towards the attainment of the Sustainable Development Objectives of the United Nations Agenda 2030.
Finally, the Bill lists the range of public policies relevant to DRR and includes ‘(…) risk identification and analysis as the basis for the implementation of risk management measures and mitigation, with a particular emphasis on the approach of ecosystem-based adaptation, in view of the multiple benefits of this approach to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals (…)’.
In this way, the Bill is a concrete example of best practice seeking to strengthen the cross-alignment of public policies instrumental to the attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals.