Paris, 25/11: the Assemblée nationale of France adopts Resolution 3219 on COP21 and transition to low-carbon society beyond COP21
Today France’s Assemblée nationale, the lower house of parliament, adopted a cross-party resolution signaling its hopes and expectations ahead of the UN climate summit COP21/CMP11 being hosted by the country.
Resolution 3219 ‘In order to establish, beyond COP21, a low-carbon society’, issues a number of robust calls with regard to France’s actions at national, European and international action on climate change, in the context of the upcoming UN climate summit. It notes the specific context within which the negotiations are being held, for example:
“Considering, if we wish to contain temperature rise under 2°C or even 1.5°C, that we must accelerate the decarbonization of the economy et in order to do so we must go towards 100% renewable energy by 2050; massively support policies of energy efficiency, reorient savings towards climate investment and put an end to subsidies for fossil fuels, by setting a calendar in conformity with the commitments taken by the G20 in 2009;”
The Resolution identifies a number of actions necessary for the country as a result of climate change, ncluding ensuring that local government in France's overseas territories, which are particularly vulnerable to climate change, receive priority for innovative adaptation and mitigation efforts. The Resolution also seeks a larger share of French climate finance for adaptation needs of the most vulnerable countries, and calls for public institutional investors and local government in France to divest from fossil fuels, notably in coal.
Reflecting the important role of cities, regions, companies and non-states actors highlighted by COP21, the Resolution notes:
“Considering that decarbonization of our economies and the emergence of a new development paradigm will not be achieved without the joint efforts of all actors, notably cities regions, companies and non-state actors, acting individually and in collaboration with national governments, with civil society and with international organizations; “
It emphasizes the role of the “Agenda of Solutions” as the 4th pillar of the Climate Package of Paris, noting “...the first being the Agreement, the second being a synthesis of the INDCs and the third being a count of Parties’ contribution to finance on climate change mitigation and adaptation;” and calls for the establishment of a “minimal institutional framework” for this Agenda of Solutions in the post-Paris period.
The Resolution proceeds to detail a number of recommendations with regard to the establishment of such a structure for follow-up. This includes a “Council for the Agenda of Solutions”, composed of representatives of different initiatives for the climate and of representatives of civil society, national governments, international organizations and of experts, whose works would be coordinated by a “High Representative for Climate Action”.
At the European Union level, the resolution calls for proposals on a tax on financial transactions, improved governance of the EU ETS, the greenhouse gas emissions allowances trading scheme, and the integration of climate change concerns across a range of policies including agriculture, investment and research.
At the international level, the Resolution calls on the French government to work towards the establishment of a climate leadership group of countries that commit to a low-carbon development pathway; the creation of a club for clean technologies which could assist in the transition to a low-carbon society; implementation of carbon-neutral growth targets in the aviation and maritime sectors; and support the creation of a fund for the restoration of polluted and degraded soils, so that they can become carbon sinks again.
Among a number of specific recommendations for the Paris agreement, the Resolution calls for a five-year review mechanism – with the first national review taking place as early as 2018-2019 – to ensure ambition can be periodically ratcheted up. The importance of including in the Paris agreement, measures on loss and damage suffered by the inhabitants of territories affected by natural disasters is also highlighted in the Resolution.
Human rights and gender concerns are flagged throughout the Resolution with a call that the Paris agreement reflect the “importance respect for human rights, the promotion of women’s rights, and of the equality between women and men, as well as the importance of full participation of women in all dimensions of policies related to climate change.”
The Resolution can be read in full here in English and in French. Further information can be found on the Assemblée nationale’s website here.