The National Peoples Congress (NPC) of China - China's legislative body - has been participating in GLOBE Legislators Forums and policy processes since 2005. Engagement has been led by the Environment Protection and Resources Conservation Committee (EPRCC), with occasional participation also from the Foreign Affairs Committee.
In 2009, Congressman Wang Guangtao, then Chair of the EPRCC, co-authored with US Congressman Ed Markey, a set of "Legislative Principles on Climate Change" designed to guide legislators as they developed climate change legislation.
Following this, in September 2010, the Standing Committee of the NPC passed a resolution putting tackling climate change at the heart of China's development policies.
And in November 2010, GLOBE and the NPC jointly hosted a GLOBE Legislators' Forum in the city of Tianjin, just east of Beijing. It was at this event that the NPC announced that China would develop a comprehensive climate change law. The NPC invited GLOBE to inform the development of that law through highlighting good practice and lessons learned from those countries that had experience of developing and implementing climate change legislation.
The top table at the GLOBE Tianjin Legislators Forum with Lord Deben and Congressman Wang
In January 2012 GLOBE hosted the cross-governmental team developing China's climate change law in both London and Brussels to learn from the UK's and Europe's experience with climate legislation and, in March of that year, GLOBE Vice-President, Baroness Worthington participated in an international seminar on climate change legislation in Beijing.
GLOBE's engagement with China on climate change is focused on three main areas:
• Climate Change Legislation: GLOBE's engagement with the NPC and NDRC is ongoing as the China develops its climate legislation; it is expected that the first draft of China's climate change law will be published in 2013 with passage of the law anticipated by 2015.
• Emissions Trading: China is implementing 7 pilot emissions trading schemes in the Municipalities of Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai, the Special Economic Zone of Shenzhen and the Provinces of Guangdong and Hubei. GLOBE members are working to support the development of these pilots, and to advise the Chinese government on the development of its national scheme, scheduled for introduction sometime between 2016 and 2020, by providing open and honest experience from the EU's experience.
• China-EU Practical Low Carbon Cooperation: Following the GLOBE-hosted visit of Minister Xie Zhenhua to London in October 2011, GLOBE, in partnership with the National Center for Climate Strategy and International Cooperation, has begun a "2nd track" of discussions between EU legislators and Chinese ministers, senior government officials and think-tanks focused on exploring the potential for closer practical cooperation between China and the EU on the low carbon economy. The first meeting, in Venice in September 2012, commissioned a study into the potential for convergence between China and the EU on low carbon standards and labelling with a specific focus on the appliances, automotive, buildings, food and drink and textiles sectors. The project will explore the potential for convergence of existing standards and also the feasibility of a joint China-EU institute to develop joint future standards on new technologies, products and services. Preliminary results will be presented to the next meeting of the "2nd track", scheduled for late 2013.
In March 2013, Congressman Lu Hao became Chairman of the EPRCC following the once in a decade leadership transition and the retirement of Chairman Wang Guangtao. In April 2013, Lu Hao met with a delegation led by Lord Deben to discuss the re-establishment of the chapter in the new Congress.