The GLOBE Forest Legislation Initiative (GFLI) seeks to strengthen legislation and parliamentary scrutiny functions in forested developing countries to support efforts to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+), promote Sustainable Forest Management (SFM), and safeguard the rights of local communities and indigenous peoples.
The initiative works directly with senior legislators to improve forest governance, law enforcement, financial scrutiny, accountability and policy coordination while facilitating progressive and early engagement of national parliaments with REDD+. The GFLI currently works with legislators in the following countries: Brazil, Colombia, DRC, Indonesia, Mexico & Peru.
The initiative is supported by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the government of Norway.
2nd GLOBE International Forest Forum (GIFF) at UNFCCC COP19 in Warsaw, Poland 2013
The main activities of the GFLI can be divided into three mutually supporting components:
Once a cross-party group of legislators has been established, a series of capacity building workshops are arranged to improve understanding and raise awareness on key REDD+ and forest issues. This engagement also assists parliamentarians in identifying priority interventions such as advancing legislation, scrutinizing policy or reviewing budgetary processes. A central objective of the National Programmes is to promote a constructive dialogue between legislators and national REDD+ stakeholders, including national and sub-national government, civil society, forest communities, indigenous peoples' representatives, and the private sector.
RESEARCH AND ADVISORY
In order to encourage parliamentary engagement at the national level, the GFLI develops research materials to assist legislators in the field of forest governance and REDD+. GLOBE has produced the 1st GLOBE Forest Legislation Study. The study is written by a team of national environmental lawyers and seeks to recommend options for REDD+ legal reform in Brazil, DRC, Indonesia and Mexico based on a consultative process with key national stakeholders. The study was launched at COP 19 in Warsaw on 18 November 2013.
The study will be updated in 2014 to cover also Colombia and Peru. Research is also currently underway to explore how the existing parliamentary oversight and scrutiny functions can be strengthened to support the equitable and efficient implementation of REDD+, and increase transparency in the management of REDD funds.
GFLI legislators at the 1st GLOBE International Forest Forum (GIFF) at UNFCCC COP18 in Doha in 2012
Although each country's national circumstances vary considerably, there is considerable overlap in terms of the challenges and barriers faced by legislators in their efforts to reduce deforestation and forest degradation. The GFLI facilitates a number of bilateral and multilateral dialogues that allow legislators to share best practice and experiences. The main events, convening legislators from major tropical forest countries, have been the 1st GLOBE International Forest Forum (GIFF) at UNFCCC COP 18 in Doha in 2012 and the 2nd GIFF at COP 19 in Warsaw in 2013. The 3rd GIFF will take place at COP 20 in Lima in December 2014.
Recent events also include the Forest Session at the 1st World Summit of Legislators, which took place in parallel to Rio+20, in June 2012. This event was a major catalyst for the consolidation and expansion of the GLOBE Forest Legislation Initiative (GFLI). The Forest session of the WSL convened legislators from 16 forested countries, providing a space for dialogue and exchange on parliamentary scrutiny and legislation relating to forests and REDD+.