Climate Change

Christiana.figueres"Domestic legislation on climate is the absolutely critical, essential, linchpin between action at the national level and international agreements. It is absolutely at the centre."
"...nothing is going to be agreed internationally, until enough is legislated domestically."
Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC,
1st GLOBE Climate Legislation Summit in London,
14 January 2013


Recognising the fundamental role of national legislation in creating the political conditions for success in the UN climate change negotiations, in January 2013 GLOBE International launched the GLOBE Climate Legislation Initiative (GCLI). This is a major new initiative focused on supporting legislators to advance climate change legislation between now and 2015, the scheduled conclusion of the international negotiations on a post-2020 agreement under the Durban Platform.

Why domestic legislation is so important

Domestic legislation is critical to support the political conditions necessary for international cooperation, particularly to enable a post-2020 agreement to be reached by 2015 under the Durban Platform.  Only when countries are already taking the necessary action, underpinned by domestic legislation, will they be in a position to sign up to the commitments and actions required under a global deal.

Domestic legislation helps to demonstrate that emissions reductions are possible and cost-effective. By moving together and in a consistent fashion (in line with the GLOBE Legislative Principles), legislators can multiply the benefits of moving to a low carbon economy and, at the same time, minimise competitive distortions. Policy-makers are increasingly aware of the correlation between countries with clear, long‐term legislative responses to climate change and significant levels of inward investment in clean energy.

The GLOBE Climate Change programme

The Climate Change programme was launched during a Summit held on 14-15 January 2013 at the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London by Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC, Rt Hon. Ed Davey, UK Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change, Hon Alastair Burt, Minister of State at the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office and senior cross-party legislators from over 25 countries.  

The objective of the GCLI is to provide a forum for legislators to share experiences in developing, passing and overseeing the implementation of climate change legislation and to support legislators as they move forward. The initiative is underpinned by the GLOBE Climate Legislation Study, which is published at the beginning of each year. The study provides both i) a measure of progress as a baseline of existing climate-related legislation and also ii) a means of knowledge sharing for legislators in different countries.

Between 2013 and 2014 GLOBE convened legislators twice each year to hear case studies, identify and promote good practice and to support legislators developing climate-related legislation. Importantly, priority will be given to strengthening legislators' effectiveness at holding governments to account on implementation, with particular emphasis on ensuring government budgets take into account climate objectives. 

Initiative timeline

The role of GLOBE Legislators in 2015

Following the GLOBE COP20 Legislators Summit, the GLOBE Secretariat was mandated to organise a series of parliamentary hearings on Indended Nationally-Determined Contributions (INDCs) with the aim of raising ambition ahead of COP21 and improve parliamentary scrutiny of government commitments.

You can read more about the GLOBE 2015 INDC Parliamentary Hearings here.