The Brazilian Launch Workshop of the GFLI took place in Brasilia on 19th April 2012 and defined the nationally-specific objectives for the first 6 months of the Programme in Brazil.
This meeting brought together senior members of GLOBE Brazil including Congresswoman Rebecca Garcia, author of the REDD+ Law Project for the Brazilian Congress in 2010, Senator Rodrigo Rollemberg, the Chair of the Senate Environment Commission, and Congressman Marcia Macedo, who was recently appointed as the Chair of the bicameral Commission on Climate Change.
Forests and REDD+ were one of several key themes at the first World Summit of Legislators organised by GLOBE in Rio de Janeiro in June 2012, feeding into the Rio+20 Summit on Sustainable Development. Legislators from 86 countries participated and shared experiences.
On the national level, GLOBE legislators were highly engaged in the Brazil Forest Code debate in 2011 and 2012, successfully advancing proposals related to payments for ecosystem services (PES). In 2012 and 2013, GLOBE legislators have decided to integrate discussions on a legal framework for REDD+ with the on-going debate on a PES law project.
Further results include the presentation of the Brazil chapter of the GLOBE Forest Legislation Study in the Brazilian Congress in December 2012 and May 2013, leading to engaged deliberations between legislators, government representatives and civil society groups. The REDD+ law project developed by GLOBE member Rebecca Garcia in 2010 has not yet been passed in the Congress or Senate, however it has contributed to significant debate and outlines key steps for further REDD+ preparedness which must be taken.
Background - Tackling deforestation and degradation in Brazil
Tackling deforestation in Brazil is of the utmost importance; almost 77% of CO2 emissions are caused by deforestation and forest degradation. In 2003 the Brazilian Government produced a three point plan to protect the Amazon. It included: land use planning; monitoring and controlling and sustainable activities.
Under the initiative's first two phases there was a huge increase in protected areas within the region, culminating in the government's launch of the Amazon Fund. Preventative measures such as fines and confiscation of equipment are being used to legitimise and strengthen the fund.
Throughout 2011 and the first semester of 2012, the political debate in Brazil was dominated by the reform of the Forest Code. When the debate on amendments to this law appeared to be entering its final stages in April 2012, this provided an opportunity to initiate the Brazilian programme of the GFLI.
The REDD+ Law Project was authored by Congresswoman Rebecca Garcia, and aims to "establish the national system of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, Conservation, Sustainable Forest Management, Maintenance and Higher levels of carbon (REDD +), and other measures ". The main objective of the project is to regulate REDD+ actions in Brazil, as well as create a national REDD+ system that allows the development of subnational projects and their integration into a national strategy. This would see the creation of a National REDD+ Commission to oversee REDD+ implementation which would be formed by representatives of federal, state and municipal government along with representatives from civil society, the private sector and academia.