On the 20th of February 2008, GLOBE convened the Fourth GLOBE G8+5 Legislators' Forum in Brasilia, Brazil. The event brought together more than 80 legislators from 22 countries, including G8+5 countries, as well as major forested countries of Africa and Asia, and Bangladesh. Participants included President Lula, 26 Brazilian Senators and Congressmen, delegates from the World Bank and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, and representatives from the business community such as Petrobras. The core themes of the Forum were Biofuels and Forestry, as well as the GLOBE post-2012 framework.
The outcomes of the Forum included consensus statements on Biofuels and Forestry, and a broad measure of agreement on GLOBE's post-2012 framework, to be submitted to UNFCCC. There was also endorsement of direction of working group papers on Adaptation, Market Mechanisms, Energy Efficiency and Technology (all to be refined and agreed at the Tokyo forum in June 2008)
The session on biofuels examined the results of the GLOBE Biofuels Commission. The objective for this session was to agree a text on ´what is a sustainable biofuel?´ The session was broadly supportive of biofuels, in recognition of their potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, increase energy security and create jobs, with due acknowledgement of the risks involved in unsustainable biofuel production. Ultimately, the Forum reached agreement on the text from the report of the first GLOBE Biofuels working group in advance of a final statement on biofuels in Japan in June.
During the forestry session, delegates dealt with the need for legislators to tackle issues of demand as well as supply of timber resources, and the part played by developed countries in the consumption of illegal timber. Full consensus was reached on a ´progressive forestry sector vision´, developed by Barry Gardiner and Masayoshi Yoshino. This vision highlighted the need to move to more sustainable practice of forestry, and included sustainable harvesting, certification and standards, and social involvement in forestry.
Working Groups on Technology Transfer, Market Mechanisms and Efficiency
The objective for this session was to progress discussions on technology transfer, market mechanisms and efficiency with reports of the Working Groups as a basis, with a view to reaching full consensus on the papers ahead of the Japanese G8 summit. Key points included:
- Importance of carbon capture and sequestration (CCS).
- The need to phase out subsidies on electricity from conventional sources in order for investment in clean energy to come through.
- The need for additional sources of finance for the Clean Development Mechanism to support its growth over the coming years.
- A call for an independent regulatory body for the carbon market.